- (HOMEOPATHIC) Use at beginning of
just about every illness, particularly if temperature is
raised. Also helps with shock, so good after difficult
Albon--Five day treatment- you must treat the full
five days. Day one: 1 ml per 5 pounds- given orally.
Days 2-5: 1 ml per 10 pounds- given orally.
Albendazole (valbazen)--1cc/10lbs orally; Causes abortion in pregnant does at
certain points in the pregnancy (very high risk of
abortion if used in first trimester of pregnancy). For
safety, never use on pregnant does. Dosage is 1 cc per
25 lbs. bodyweight given orally.
Mel - (HOMEOPATHIC) Swollen
joints, fluid on lungs (pulmonary edema)
Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV)--place in water to
help acidify the urine and also will help decrease algae
in the container
Aspirin (ASA)- used for fever and inflammation.
Dose --0.5gr/lb bid; 45mg/lb bid;
65mg=1gr---adult ASA = 5gr=325mg
- (HOMEOPATHIC) "Must
Have" remedy, useful for all bruising ,including
soft tissue damage during kidding. Give regularly before
kidding and before any surgery to reduce blood loss.
- used for fever, smooth muscle
relaxant, pain reliever and to stimulate the gut.****Always take temp prior to giving, if temp is low do
NOT give. Dose 1 cc per 100
lbs. body weight IM, but can be used at a rate of 1/2 cc
per 25-30 lbs body weight if necessary. Keeps
best in warm climates when refrigerated.
Baking soda (sodium
bicarbonate)- for regular rumen
care. Leave out free choice. For emergency treatment for
bloat. Give 1 T in 30cc water and drench.
100 (Enrofloxacin 100 mg/ml) - Vet prescription. Baytril
100 (not Baytril 2.27%) is approved for use in livestock - RX. Can cause tenderness and swelling
in joints. Comes in injectable and tablet form.
Injectable is more expensive but easier to use on very
large goats. Tablets are sized by weight of animal and
scored for breaking into pieces. Injectable is dosed at
1 cc per 20 lbs. body weight for five consecutive days.
Baytril is quite good for gut-related illnesses. Tablets
are also used for at least five consecutive days.
(Diphenhydramine)--Antihistamine, for minor
allergic reactions such as bites, coughs, and nasal
Over the counter Dose---1tsp/ 5cc for kids for young kids;
10-20cc for adults
(dark malt is better)- for bloat give one can.
condition when skin is hot and red and pulse is full and
bounding. Perhaps more for people than goats but a good
one to keep handy!
solution---for wounds; apply externally
contains uterine contracting material, and works like
oxytocin without the possible harmful effect, one
substance called Caulosaponin and is considered
responsible for this effect, as it has been found to be
a uterine stimulant which is a unique substance found
only in Blue Cohosh. Tincture form is used and a dropped
directly on the tongue, about 15-20 drops 3-4 times a
Oxytetracycline given SQ rub briskly after injecting once every
48 to 72 hours if no improvement.
4.5cc's per 100 pounds;
2.25cc's per 50 pounds;
1.1 cc' per 25 pounds; .5cc's per 12.5 pounds; .225 cc's per 6.25 pounds; In extreme cases, can be
used every other day for three doses. For for pinkeye, use as an eye drop.
Bose-- given for selenium deficiency;
Give k 1cc/40lbs twice a year sq or IM. .25 CC and NO
more for newborn kids. An overdose will KILL
- RX - Anti-inflammatory used for pain especially in
joints and muscles. Dose-4.5-10mg/lb
10%(100mg/ml)--use for milk fever,
pregnancy toxemia, ketosis. Must be given IV only...caustic to tissue if given IM or
Give 5-15mg IV over 10mins
Cantharis - (HOMEOPATHIC)
frequent painful urination, particularly if passing
Caulophyllum - (HOMEOPATHIC)
strengthen the uterus and ensure normal strong
contractions. Also very good for expelling retained
Charcoal bricks--*****make sure has no flame
start product in it----Crush enough to have 4-6 oz for
poisonings. Follow with a laxative , mix with water or a
Fish aquarium -- 4-6 oz for poisonings. Binds
with poison to remove form system. Follow with a
laxative, mix with water or a liquid laxative
Powdered ---4-6oz of charcoal for poisonings.
Binds with poison to remove from the system. Follow with
a laxative. Mix with water or liquid laxative
Cinchona - (HOMEOPATHIC)
". helps to
re-build strength when an animal is exhausted e.g. after
serious diarrhea or pneumonia. Also if a lot of blood
has been lost.
OTC for colds and coughs. Dose-- 5cc for kids and
10-20cc for adults
oil-can be used in place of mineral oil.
CORIDŽAmprolium- Add 3 oz. of
Soluble Powder to 1 quart of water and, with a dose
syringe, give 1 fluid ounce of this solution for each
100 lb. (45kg) body weight. This will provide a dose of
approximately 10 mg amprolium/kg (2.2 lb) body weight.
Give daily for 5 days. *Note, we supply this dosage, but
do not recommend it the product, Amprolin is a thiamin
inhibitor, and can cause death of not used correctly. It
has also been shown to be not as effective as other
Covexin 8-- 4ml sq first dose;
2ml sq second dose 6 weeks later;
2ml sq third dose 6 months later
Corral and Sevin
dust-- can be used on non lactating
does..Do not use on kids. For adults sprinkle on and rub in. Apply second dose
(Clostridium Prefringens Type C&D - Tetanus Toxoid)-
OTC product to provide long-term protection
against overeating disease and tetanus. Newborn kids and
newly-purchased animals should be vaccinated with 2 cc
(kids at one month of age) and then a second vaccination
should be given 30 days later (kids at two months of
age). Two injections 30 days apart are required in order
to provide long-term protection. Annually thereafter,
one injection of 2 cc per animal will renew the
protection. Can be given either IM or SQ. The directions
on the bottle are to use it SQ, but some breeders who
have large numbers of goats find IM injections to be
easier and faster. Do not be surprised if it makes a
knot at the injection site. This is the body's reaction
to the vaccination, and in most cases, it eventually
goes away. CD/T is one of the few medications which is
not based upon body weight. Every goat, from one month
of age up to the biggest buck, should receive 2 cc. Must
be stored under refrigeration.
Antitoxin - Over-the-counter product that can be
safely used for many problems. Severe diarrhea in very
young kids, toxicity situations in which the goat is
frothing at the mouth, one of the products administered
to combat Floppy Kid Syndrome . . . these are a few of
the applications of this very versatile product which is
almost impossible to overuse. This product provides
short-term protection (just a few hours) but works
quickly towards solving the immediate problem. Young
kids should receive a minimum of 3 cc sub-cutaneously
(SQ) up to three times a day; adults should receive
10-15 cc, depending upon size of the animal. C&D
Antitoxin negates any protection previously given by
CD/T vaccine. Therefore, the producer must wait for at
least five days after completion of C&D Antitoxin
therapy and re-vaccinate the animal with the initial
CD/T injection and the booster 30 days thereafter. This
is extremely important to remember. Must be stored under
Cydectin--give 1cc/22-25lbs orally
- 1 ml per 35 lbs. given orally (injectable) 1 ml per 10
lbs. given orally (pour-on)
- RX. This is a very dangerous drug which
should be used only under the supervision of a vet and
as a last resort after other treatment has failed.
"Dex" has lots of bad side effects. Used for
swelling and inflammation once infection is under
control. Do not use if broken bones exist, because it
interferes with bone repair. Can cause abortion, so do
not use on pregnant does. Vets use Dexamethazone to
induce labor in pregnant does when the slow introduction
of labor over a 48-hour period is desired. Dex
interferes with the functioning of the goat's immune
system. And usage of this drug must be tapered off
slowly; serious health problems can occur if Dex is
given in large amounts and then suddenly stopped.
Tapering off over five days is a normal procedure, i.e.
reducing the dosage each day for five consecutive days.
Dose- inflammatory injuries and joint injuries-
1/2-1cc/20lbs; Head injuries (after disbudding)- 1-2mg/20lbs;
Keeps best in warm climates when refrigerated.
Earth (DE) - This product is being used by some
producers as a "natural" de-wormer. There
currently exists great controversy over DE; users are
"believers" of an almost religious fervor. It is effective
on external parasites. Testing of this product is
underway by several animal health research facilities,
and hopefully DE can be documented as helpful in
controlling worms in goats. If a producer chooses to use
DE as a food additive, make certain that
"food-grade" DE is purchased.
for colds and coughs. Dose 3-5cc for newborns - 2wks in
age; 4-6 tsps for adults
Dimethox-- Day one:
Days 2-5:1/2 dose
RX. Eliminates respiratory distress in
newborns caused by troubled births, including
C-sections. Drop 2/10 cc under kid's tongue immediately
upon birth to stimulate lung activity. May also be used
when kids are pulled out of their dams. This liquid
medication keeps best under refrigeration.
- Vet RX. Very inexpensive. Counter Shock; keep when you
are giving shots, shock doesn't allow time to get it.
Dose: is 1 cc SQ per 100 pounds body weight.
Ese- given for selenium deficiency;
Give 1cc/100lbs An overdose will KILL
(pancur, safeguard) --administer 7mg/ib--3times
horse dose per weight for cestodes
2.5mg/lb for nematodes;
Give 6times horse dose for lung worms
Over-the-counter product that is also useful for
constipation and toxicity reactions, including Floppy
Kid Syndrome. Interestingly, if you ever have a baby
girl born with her vagina turned out, use a children's
Fleet's enema (or generic equivalent) to move her bowels
for the first time ("pass her plug") and the
vagina will return to its proper position. Just make
sure you put the enema into the rectal opening . . . and
not the vagina!
buffered formaldehyde) - Classified as a
disinfectant, this product works well when injected into
CL abscesses and also is very effective in treating hoof
rot/hoof scald. See this writer's articles on these
topics on the Articles
page for usage and dosing instructions.
pedialyte--oral fluid replacement. Also
used for energy when weak
X, phazyme (or generic brands)- used for bloat;
Dose; 1-2 caps (puncture cap with a needle and squirt
medicine out ) give every 2-4 hours.
Dose--1T every day for 2-3 days
Ginger- To sooth stomach and intestines.
Iodine 7 %- to dip navel cords in . Helps to dry it
up. Some folks dip the newborns hooves in it, and also
after hoof trimming.
Iodine (mild) for minor wounds; apply externally
cattle injectable-OTC injection form but give
orally 1cc/50lbs (0.1mg/lb) Do not under-dose. Achieves a quicker
"kill" via oral dosing. will kill sucking lice/
Earmite: Drip directly into ears
Kitten flea and tick powder--for lice treatment in
kids. Sprinkle from head to tail and rub in. Dose now and then in 10days.
OTC product for hoof rot and hoof scald.
Blue-green liquid for topical application as a
(oxytetracycline) - OTC given SQ rub briskly after injecting, this
one stings. May leave a knot. Once every 48 to 72
hours if no improvement.
4.5cc's per 100 pounds;
2.25cc's per 50 pounds;
1.1cc per 25 pounds;
.5cc's per 12.5 pounds;
.225cc's per 6.25pounds. every third day for a maximum
usage of three doses. The non-sting version of
oxytetracycline is called Biomycin
(Trimisol, ripercol)- Do NOT give to
Give 2 tablets/100lbs (3.5mg/lb) or 1oz/100lbs--5mg/lb
Listerine- ear mites and to clean the ear. Helps
sooth and burns less than using alcohol. dilute in water for mouth wounds.
ringers)- RX - 30cc under skin at shoulder
for rehydration, can be used several times a day; can be given SQ or IV.
Using a 60 cc syringe with an 18
gauge needle attached, draw out the LRS, warm it in a
pot of water, and inject 30 cc under the skin (SQ) at
Lutalyse--can be used to bring into standing heat,
induce labor, and abort. RX.
Dose--1/2-1 ml to bring into standing heat.
5-10mg ((1-2cc) to abort.
1/2-2ml to induce labor
Approximately 2 times the horse dose for weight
Magnesia - OTC product that is useful
for constipation and toxicity reactions, including Floppy Kid
Syndrome. Use as oral drench at a rate of 15
cc per 60 lbs. body weight. Don't ever be without this
very helpful yet common product.
- OTC . give for constipation, impactions,
toxic reactions including poisoning and FKS. Dose - oral
drench 1oz/30lbs ****Caution has no taste;
this product can easily be aspirated into the lungs. Can
also be used for ear mites by placing 2-4 drops in ear
Syrup - See propylene glycol.
for selenium deficiency; Give 1cc/200lbs An overdose
sodium) - RX. Excellent broad-spectrum
antibiotic used primarily for
respiratory illnesses (pneumonia). Comes in two bottles
. . . one bottle contains a powder which must be kept
refrigerated even while in powder form, and the other
bottle is sterile water. When the two are mixed, they
keep for only seven days. So draw up syringes in dosages
of 1/2 cc, 1 cc, 2 cc, and 3 cc, put needle caps on
them, place the filled syringes in a Ziploc bag, label
and date it, and put it in the freezer. Syringes thaw
quickly, but hold the needle cap up, because sometimes
the medication will settle into the needle cap and will
be lost when you pull the cap off. Dosages on the bottle
are insufficient for goats. If newborn kids have
respiratory distress or e.Coli infections, they must
receive a minimum dosage IM of 1/2 cc daily for five
consecutive days. A 100 pound goat needs at least 5-6
cc's of Naxcel IM over the five-day course of treatment.
Naxcel is more expensive than some other products, but
it is a top-of-the-line antibiotic for caprine health
(or generic)---antibiotic ointment . Used for scrapes and
small wounds. Apply as you would a human.
(normal saline)-isotonic--used for fluid
replacement. Inject 30cc under skin at shoulders for
rehydration , can be used several times a day can be
given IV or sq -- Needs an RX
- RX. Administered
IM every other day for a maximum of three injections.
This is a very thick liquid, so use Luer Lock syringes,
or the needle may shoot off the syringe, causing this
relatively expensive medicine to be wasted. Dosage is 1
cc per 25 lbs. of body weight. Keeps best under
refrigeration in warm climates.
drench--Used for stressed, weak animals follow instructions on package
- OTC; control diarrhea in kids
under one month old. Use up to 2 cc every four to six
hours for newborns; 5 cc over the same timeframe for
kids approaching one month old. Follow up with oral
ruminant gel (Probios) to repopulate the gut with vital
live bacteria used for digestion. Do not use Imodium AD
to control diarrhea in goats, because it stops the
peristaltic action of the gut and death is a likely
result of its use.
Penicillin Benzathine (long-acting penicillin) -
OTC Dosage is 5 cc per 100 lbs. body weight IM
for five consecutive days. Penicillin is also used in
high dosages in conjunction with Thiamine (Vitamin B1)
to treat polio. Must be stored under
Penicillin G Procaine
IM or SQ Series shot, given at
least 5 days consecutively without missing a dose. if you miss a dose you have to start over.
3 to 5cc per 100 pounds;
1.5cc to 2.5 cc per 50 pounds;
.75cc's to 1.25cc's per 25 pounds;
.3cc's to .625cc's per 12.5 pounds
- RX. Oral antibiotic that comes in tablet
form, by weight of animal, for gut-related infections.
Tablets are scored for easy breaking to fit appropriate
weight of sick animal. Primor 120 is for 5-15 lb goats;
Primor 240, 10-30 lb goats; Primor 600, 25-50 lb goats;
and Primor 1200, 50-100 lb goats. Give two times the
appropriate weight's dosage the first day, and then
match the goat's weight for the next 9 consecutive days.
This is a very good and much under-appreciated
antibiotic for use on sick goats
Glycol - OTC oily liquid for ketosis in
does. Comes in one-gallon containers. Use 5-6 cc twice a
day for an average-sized doe until she gets back on
feed. Administer orally. If this product is not
available, use molasses or Karo syrup.
see safeguard wormer
ruminant gel (probios, fast track)- Give
after antibiotic therapy, treatment for diarrhea and gut
related problems-----helps replace the normal flora of
the gut. Follow the instructions on the package.Keep
refrigerated in warm climates.
(20u/ml)--RX-- to tighten uterus and decrease
post delivery bleeding when excessive. Can be used to
stimulate milk let down if used in very small amounts.
causes contractions and helps stimulate passing of
afterbirth. Dose---1.5cc/100lbs; 10-20u IM
Redcell- is a vitamin /iron supplement.***there is 2 kinds, one made from animal byproducts and
one from vegetables. use it in conjunction
with Vitamin B12 injections or as a stand-alone
Dose 3cc qd time 1 weeks orally
electrolytes- OTC product that comes in
powered form. For rehydrating sick animals, regardless
of age. Can be used as an oral drench, put into baby
bottles for kids to suck, or mixed into pans of drinking
water. Each packet should be mixed with 1/2 gallon warm
water. Use in conjunction with Lactated Ringers Solution
on extremely dehydrated kids. Store in a cool, dry
place. Never be without this inexpensive life-saving
(plain)--for coughs and colds.OTC;
Dose 3-5cc for newborns - 2wks in age; 4-6 tsps for adults.
Rumatel--wormer pellets--feed daily at the rate of
0.44g/100lbs--or 25lb sack per 1 ton of feed.
HOW TO FIGURE SAFEGUARD DOSEAGE
Safeguard paste- 25gram paste 10% (100mg/1g) 22cc
1 syringe worms 1100lbat2.3mg/lb 1cc=50lbs
So 4.6mg/lb=550lbs 1cc=25lbs
So for three times the dose here is some basic
tablets--1 tablet per 20 lbs
elm--stops diarrhea and coats the stomach
and intestines. 1 tsp mixed with yogurt or probios,
molasses and electrolytes or propylene glycol water
enough to this so it can be drenched. Given 5-6 times over
the day until diarrhea stops.
halt- follow directions on label.
Follow with probios.
Dose: scours 2cc/10lbs; Ecoli 5 days 2cc per kid
20%--drench--2ml/50lbs by mouth times
12.5%- Five day treatment- you must treat the full
five days. Day one: 1cc/5lbs for;
1cc/10lbs given orally.
De-Lice - OTC.
Permethrin is the active ingredient
in this oily product which should be applied along the
backbone from base of neck to base of tail. Follow the
directions carefully, and do not use on kids under one
month old. Max application is three ounces per animal,
regardless of weight.
Tagamet- Used for gut related pain and problems. Helps
Dose- 1/2 tablet of 200mg tablet. Give 1 a day for 3-5
D--OTC - for colds and coughs Dose 3-5cc for
newborns - 2wks in age; 4-6 tsps for adults.
Antitoxin - Over-the-counter product for short-term
protection against tetanus and tetanus-like infections.
Comes in single-dose vials; use the entire vial IM for
adults; cut it back proportionately for kids. No sooner
than five days after this medication is last used, the
producer will have to re-vaccinate with tetanus toxoid
or CD/T (the complete two-injection series given 30 days
apart) to reinstate long-term protection. Keeps best
Can be used during pregnancy
treats listeria and polio; Dose--500mg IM first dose, first day 250mg second dose , first day
For listeria--4.5cc/lb TID
sodium) - Over-the-counter product for mastitis
treatment. Milk out the bad milk/pus/blood and infuse
one tube of To-Day into each infected udder for a
minimum of two consecutive days
- Over-the-counter product for respiratory problems. Use
1 cc per 25 lbs. body weight for five consecutive days
intramuscularly (IM). Keeps best in warm climates when
OTC de-wormer of the "white"
wormer family. Causes abortion in pregnant does at
certain points in the pregnancy (very high risk of
abortion if used in first trimester of pregnancy). For
safety, never use on pregnant does. Dosage
is 1 cc per 25 lbs. bodyweight given orally.
complex--for debilitated animal, those with
enteritis, those which will not eat. It helps to soothe
the intestinal linings, and stimulates the appetite.
Dose --5-6ccsq for adults
Vitamin C--to help acidify the urine;
Dose 250mg qd
Vitamin E-- 300iu/kid IM;
- RX. for anemia , stress, appetite stimulant; Administer 1 cc per 100 lbs. body
weight. Keeps best long-term if refrigerated.
Plain - to help replace the normal flora in
the rumen after rumen problems like bloat and after
giving antibiotics. Dose--give about 1/4 cup 2-3 times a day for 3-5