Goatbeat Health Pages

These are various items and their treatments and uses. Again, we are not vets, please read disclaimer at the bottom of the page. 

dosage charts

*Note any remedy that is "homeopathic, click here to view "

How To Dose With Homeopathic Remedies:

 

Aconitum - (HOMEOPATHIC) Use at beginning of just about every illness, particularly if temperature is raised. Also helps with shock, so good after difficult kiddings. 

Albon--Five day treatment- you must treat the full five days. Day one: 1 ml per 5 pounds- given orally. Days 2-5: 1 ml per 10 pounds- given orally.
Albendazole (valbazen)
--1cc/10lbs orally; Causes abortion in pregnant does at certain points in the pregnancy (very high risk of abortion if used in first trimester of pregnancy). For safety, never use on pregnant does. Dosage is 1 cc per 25 lbs. bodyweight given orally.

Allium - (HOMEOPATHIC) Coughs, colds, runny noses.

Apis Mel - (HOMEOPATHIC) Swollen joints, fluid on lungs (pulmonary edema)
Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV)--place in water to help acidify the urine and also will help decrease algae in the container
Aspirin (ASA)
- used for fever and inflammation. Dose --0.5gr/lb bid; 45mg/lb bid; 65mg=1gr---adult ASA = 5gr=325mg

Arnica - (HOMEOPATHIC) "Must Have" remedy, useful for all bruising ,including soft tissue damage during kidding. Give regularly before kidding and before any surgery to reduce blood loss.

Banamine-(flumeglumine) RX - used for fever, smooth muscle relaxant, pain reliever and to stimulate the gut.****Always take temp prior to giving, if temp is low do NOT give. Dose 1 cc per 100 lbs. body weight IM, but can be used at a rate of 1/2 cc per 25-30 lbs body weight if necessary. Keeps best in warm climates when refrigerated.

Baking soda (sodium bicarbonate)- for regular rumen care. Leave out free choice. For emergency treatment for bloat. Give 1 T in 30cc water and drench.

Baytril 100 (Enrofloxacin 100 mg/ml) - Vet prescription. Baytril 100 (not Baytril 2.27%) is approved for use in livestock - RX. Can cause tenderness and swelling in joints. Comes in injectable and tablet form. Injectable is more expensive but easier to use on very large goats. Tablets are sized by weight of animal and scored for breaking into pieces. Injectable is dosed at 1 cc per 20 lbs. body weight for five consecutive days. Baytril is quite good for gut-related illnesses. Tablets are also used for at least five consecutive days.

Benadryl (Diphenhydramine)--Antihistamine, for minor allergic reactions such as bites, coughs, and nasal decongestant. Over the counter Dose---1tsp/ 5cc for kids for young kids; 10-20cc for adults

Beer (dark malt is better)- for bloat give one can.

Belladonna -(HOMEOPATHIC)  any condition when skin is hot and red and pulse is full and bounding. Perhaps more for people than goats but a good one to keep handy!

Betadine solution---for wounds; apply externally

Blue cohosh  - contains uterine contracting material, and works like oxytocin without the possible harmful effect, one  substance called Caulosaponin and is considered responsible for this effect, as it has been found to be a uterine stimulant which is a unique substance found only in Blue Cohosh. Tincture form is used and a dropped directly on the tongue, about 15-20 drops 3-4 times a day.

Bio-Mycin. Oxytetracycline given SQ rub briskly after injecting once every 48 to 72 hours if no improvement. 4.5cc's per 100 pounds; 2.25cc's per 50 pounds; 1.1 cc' per 25 pounds; .5cc's per 12.5 pounds; .225 cc's per 6.25 pounds; In extreme cases, can be used every other day for three doses. For for pinkeye, use as an eye drop. 
Bose
-- given for selenium deficiency; Give k 1cc/40lbs twice a year sq or IM. .25 CC and NO more for newborn kids. An overdose will KILL

Bute - RX - Anti-inflammatory used for pain especially in joints and muscles. Dose-4.5-10mg/lb 

Calcium gluconate 10%(100mg/ml)--use for milk fever, pregnancy toxemia, ketosis. Must be given IV only...caustic to tissue if given IM or sq. Give 5-15mg IV over 10mins

Cantharis - (HOMEOPATHIC)  Cystitis and frequent painful urination, particularly if passing blood.

Caulophyllum - (HOMEOPATHIC)  Helps strengthen the uterus and ensure normal strong contractions. Also very good for expelling retained afterbirth.

Charcoal bricks--*****make sure has no flame start product in it----Crush enough to have 4-6 oz for poisonings. Follow with a laxative , mix with water or a liquid laxative.

Charcoal Fish aquarium -- 4-6 oz for poisonings. Binds with poison to remove form system. Follow with a laxative, mix with water or a liquid laxative

Charcoal Powdered ---4-6oz of charcoal for poisonings. Binds with poison to remove from the system. Follow with a laxative. Mix with water or liquid laxative

Cinchona - (HOMEOPATHIC)  " China ". helps to re-build strength when an animal is exhausted e.g. after serious diarrhea or pneumonia. Also if a lot of blood has been lost.

Chloatrimeton-- OTC for colds and coughs. Dose-- 5cc for kids and 10-20cc for adults

Cooking oil-can be used in place of mineral oil.

CORIDŽAmprolium- Add 3 oz. of  (amprolium) 20% Soluble Powder to 1 quart of water and, with a dose syringe, give 1 fluid ounce of this solution for each 100 lb. (45kg) body weight. This will provide a dose of approximately 10 mg amprolium/kg (2.2 lb) body weight. Give daily for 5 days. *Note, we supply this dosage, but do not recommend it the product, Amprolin is a thiamin inhibitor, and can cause death of not used correctly. It has also been shown to be not as effective as other treatments. 
Covexin 8
-- 4ml sq first dose; 2ml sq second dose 6 weeks later; 2ml sq third dose 6 months later

Corral and Sevin dust-- can be used on non lactating does..Do not use on kids. For adults sprinkle on and rub in. Apply second dose 10days late

CD/T (Clostridium Prefringens Type C&D - Tetanus Toxoid)- OTC product to provide long-term protection against overeating disease and tetanus. Newborn kids and newly-purchased animals should be vaccinated with 2 cc (kids at one month of age) and then a second vaccination should be given 30 days later (kids at two months of age). Two injections 30 days apart are required in order to provide long-term protection. Annually thereafter, one injection of 2 cc per animal will renew the protection. Can be given either IM or SQ. The directions on the bottle are to use it SQ, but some breeders who have large numbers of goats find IM injections to be easier and faster. Do not be surprised if it makes a knot at the injection site. This is the body's reaction to the vaccination, and in most cases, it eventually goes away. CD/T is one of the few medications which is not based upon body weight. Every goat, from one month of age up to the biggest buck, should receive 2 cc. Must be stored under refrigeration.

C&D Antitoxin - Over-the-counter product that can be safely used for many problems. Severe diarrhea in very young kids, toxicity situations in which the goat is frothing at the mouth, one of the products administered to combat Floppy Kid Syndrome . . . these are a few of the applications of this very versatile product which is almost impossible to overuse. This product provides short-term protection (just a few hours) but works quickly towards solving the immediate problem. Young kids should receive a minimum of 3 cc sub-cutaneously (SQ) up to three times a day; adults should receive 10-15 cc, depending upon size of the animal. C&D Antitoxin negates any protection previously given by CD/T vaccine. Therefore, the producer must wait for at least five days after completion of C&D Antitoxin therapy and re-vaccinate the animal with the initial CD/T injection and the booster 30 days thereafter. This is extremely important to remember. Must be stored under refrigeration.

Cydectin--give 1cc/22-25lbs orally

Dectomax - 1 ml per 35 lbs. given orally (injectable) 1 ml per 10 lbs. given orally (pour-on)

Dexamethazone - RX. This is a very dangerous drug which should be used only under the supervision of a vet and as a last resort after other treatment has failed. "Dex" has lots of bad side effects. Used for swelling and inflammation once infection is under control. Do not use if broken bones exist, because it interferes with bone repair. Can cause abortion, so do not use on pregnant does. Vets use Dexamethazone to induce labor in pregnant does when the slow introduction of labor over a 48-hour period is desired. Dex interferes with the functioning of the goat's immune system. And usage of this drug must be tapered off slowly; serious health problems can occur if Dex is given in large amounts and then suddenly stopped. Tapering off over five days is a normal procedure, i.e. reducing the dosage each day for five consecutive days. Dose- inflammatory injuries and joint injuries- 1/2-1cc/20lbs; Head injuries (after disbudding)- 1-2mg/20lbs; Shock- 1-2mg/20lbs. Keeps best in warm climates when refrigerated.

Diatomaceous Earth (DE) - This product is being used by some producers as a "natural" de-wormer. There currently exists great controversy over DE; users are "believers" of an almost religious fervor.  It is effective on external parasites. Testing of this product is underway by several animal health research facilities, and hopefully DE can be documented as helpful in controlling worms in goats. If a producer chooses to use DE as a food additive, make certain that "food-grade" DE is purchased.

Dimetapp--OTC for colds and coughs. Dose 3-5cc for newborns - 2wks in age; 4-6 tsps for adults

Dimethox-- Day one: 25mg/lb Days 2-5:1/2 dose 

Dopram - RX. Eliminates respiratory distress in newborns caused by troubled births, including C-sections. Drop 2/10 cc under kid's tongue immediately upon birth to stimulate lung activity. May also be used when kids are pulled out of their dams. This liquid medication keeps best under refrigeration.
Epinephrine
- Vet RX. Very inexpensive. Counter Shock; keep when you are giving shots, shock doesn't allow time to get it.  Dose: is 1 cc SQ per 100 pounds body weight.

Ese- given for selenium deficiency; Give 1cc/100lbs An overdose will KILL

Fenbendazole (pancur, safeguard) --administer 7mg/ib--3times horse dose per weight for cestodes
2.5mg/lb for nematodes; Give 6times horse dose for lung worms

Fleet's Enemas - Over-the-counter product that is also useful for constipation and toxicity reactions, including Floppy Kid Syndrome. Interestingly, if you ever have a baby girl born with her vagina turned out, use a children's Fleet's enema (or generic equivalent) to move her bowels for the first time ("pass her plug") and the vagina will return to its proper position. Just make sure you put the enema into the rectal opening . . . and not the vagina! 

Formalin (10% buffered formaldehyde) - Classified as a disinfectant, this product works well when injected into CL abscesses and also is very effective in treating hoof rot/hoof scald. See this writer's articles on these topics on the Articles page for usage and dosing instructions.

Gatoraide or pedialyte--oral fluid replacement. Also used for energy when weak

Gas X, phazyme (or generic brands)- used for bloat; Dose; 1-2 caps (puncture cap with a needle and squirt medicine out ) give every 2-4 hours.

Geritol---for anemia. Dose--1T every day for 2-3 days

Ginger- To sooth stomach and intestines.

Iodine 7 %- to dip navel cords in . Helps to dry it up. Some folks dip the newborns hooves in it, and also after hoof trimming.

Iodine (mild) for minor wounds; apply externally

Ivermectin (ivomec)1% cattle injectable-OTC injection form but give orally 1cc/50lbs (0.1mg/lb) Do not under-dose. Achieves a quicker "kill" via oral dosing. will kill sucking lice/ Earmite: Drip directly into ears

Kitten flea and tick powder--for lice treatment in kids. Sprinkle from head to tail and rub in. Dose now and then in 10days.

Kopertox - OTC product for hoof rot and hoof scald. Blue-green liquid for topical application as a "liquid bandage."
LA-200 (oxytetracycline) - OTC given SQ  rub briskly after injecting, this one stings.  May leave a knot. Once every 48 to 72 hours if no improvement. 4.5cc's per 100 pounds; 2.25cc's per 50 pounds; 1.1cc per 25 pounds; .5cc's per 12.5 pounds; .225cc's per 6.25pounds. every third day for a maximum usage of three doses. The non-sting version of oxytetracycline is called Biomycin

Levamisole (Trimisol, ripercol)- Do NOT give to pregnant does. Give 2 tablets/100lbs (3.5mg/lb) or 1oz/100lbs--5mg/lb
Listerine- ear mites and to clean the ear. Helps sooth and burns less than using alcohol. dilute in water for mouth wounds.
LR (lactated ringers)- RX - 30cc under skin at shoulder for rehydration, can be used several times a day; can be given SQ or IV. Using a 60 cc syringe with an 18 gauge needle attached, draw out the LRS, warm it in a pot of water, and inject 30 cc under the skin (SQ) at each shoulder

Lutalyse--can be used to bring into standing heat, induce labor, and abort. RX. Dose--1/2-1 ml to bring into standing heat. 5-10mg ((1-2cc) to abort. 1/2-2ml to induce labor

Mebendazole (telmin)- 10mg/lb; Approximately 2 times the horse dose for weight

Milk of Magnesia - OTC product that is useful for constipation and toxicity reactions, including Floppy Kid Syndrome. Use as oral drench at a rate of 15 cc per 60 lbs. body weight. Don't ever be without this very helpful yet common product.

Mineral Oil - OTC . give for constipation, impactions, toxic reactions including poisoning and FKS. Dose - oral drench 1oz/30lbs ****Caution has no taste; this product can easily be aspirated into the lungs. Can also be used for ear mites by placing 2-4 drops in ear canal.

Molasses/Karo Syrup - See propylene glycol.

Muse--given for selenium deficiency; Give 1cc/200lbs An overdose will KILL

Naxcel (ceftiofur sodium) - RX. Excellent broad-spectrum antibiotic used primarily for respiratory illnesses (pneumonia). Comes in two bottles . . . one bottle contains a powder which must be kept refrigerated even while in powder form, and the other bottle is sterile water. When the two are mixed, they keep for only seven days. So draw up syringes in dosages of 1/2 cc, 1 cc, 2 cc, and 3 cc, put needle caps on them, place the filled syringes in a Ziploc bag, label and date it, and put it in the freezer. Syringes thaw quickly, but hold the needle cap up, because sometimes the medication will settle into the needle cap and will be lost when you pull the cap off. Dosages on the bottle are insufficient for goats. If newborn kids have respiratory distress or e.Coli infections, they must receive a minimum dosage IM of 1/2 cc daily for five consecutive days. A 100 pound goat needs at least 5-6 cc's of Naxcel IM over the five-day course of treatment. Naxcel is more expensive than some other products, but it is a top-of-the-line antibiotic for caprine health use.

Neosporin (or generic)---antibiotic ointment . Used for scrapes and small wounds. Apply as you would a human.

NS (normal saline)-isotonic--used for fluid replacement. Inject 30cc under skin at shoulders for rehydration , can be used several times a day can be given IV or sq -- Needs an RX

Nuflor (Florfenicol) - RX.  Administered IM every other day for a maximum of three injections. This is a very thick liquid, so use Luer Lock syringes, or the needle may shoot off the syringe, causing this relatively expensive medicine to be wasted. Dosage is 1 cc per 25 lbs. of body weight. Keeps best under refrigeration in warm climates.

Nutri drench--Used for stressed, weak animals follow instructions on package

Pepto-Bismol - OTC; control diarrhea in kids under one month old. Use up to 2 cc every four to six hours for newborns; 5 cc over the same timeframe for kids approaching one month old. Follow up with oral ruminant gel (Probios) to repopulate the gut with vital live bacteria used for digestion. Do not use Imodium AD to control diarrhea in goats, because it stops the peristaltic action of the gut and death is a likely result of its use.
Penicillin Benzathine  (long-acting penicillin) - OTC Dosage is 5 cc per 100 lbs. body weight IM for five consecutive days. Penicillin is also used in high dosages in conjunction with Thiamine (Vitamin B1) to treat polio. Must be stored under refrigeration.

Penicillin G Procaine IM or SQ Series shot, given at least 5 days consecutively without missing a dose. if you miss a dose you have to start over. 3 to 5cc per 100 pounds; 1.5cc to 2.5 cc per 50 pounds; .75cc's to 1.25cc's per 25 pounds; .3cc's to .625cc's per 12.5 pounds

Primor - RX. Oral antibiotic that comes in tablet form, by weight of animal, for gut-related infections. Tablets are scored for easy breaking to fit appropriate weight of sick animal. Primor 120 is for 5-15 lb goats; Primor 240, 10-30 lb goats; Primor 600, 25-50 lb goats; and Primor 1200, 50-100 lb goats. Give two times the appropriate weight's dosage the first day, and then match the goat's weight for the next 9 consecutive days. This is a very good and much under-appreciated antibiotic for use on sick goats

Propylene Glycol - OTC oily liquid for ketosis in does. Comes in one-gallon containers. Use 5-6 cc twice a day for an average-sized doe until she gets back on feed. Administer orally. If this product is not available, use molasses or Karo syrup.
Pyrantel (strongid)-- see safeguard wormer

Oral ruminant gel (probios, fast track)- Give after antibiotic therapy, treatment for diarrhea and gut related problems-----helps replace the normal flora of the gut. Follow the instructions on the package.Keep refrigerated in warm climates.

Oxytocin (20u/ml)--RX-- to tighten uterus and decrease post delivery bleeding when excessive. Can be used to stimulate milk let down if used in very small amounts. causes contractions and helps stimulate passing of afterbirth. Dose---1.5cc/100lbs; 10-20u IM
Redcell- is a vitamin /iron supplement.***there is 2 kinds, one made from animal byproducts and one from vegetables. use it in conjunction with Vitamin B12 injections or as a stand-alone treatment. OTC. Dose 3cc qd time 1 weeks orally

Re-Sorb oral electrolytes- OTC product that comes in powered form. For rehydrating sick animals, regardless of age. Can be used as an oral drench, put into baby bottles for kids to suck, or mixed into pans of drinking water. Each packet should be mixed with 1/2 gallon warm water. Use in conjunction with Lactated Ringers Solution on extremely dehydrated kids. Store in a cool, dry place. Never be without this inexpensive life-saving product.

Robitussin (plain)--for coughs and colds.OTC; Dose 3-5cc for newborns - 2wks in age; 4-6 tsps for adults.

Rumatel--wormer pellets--feed daily at the rate of 0.44g/100lbs--or 25lb sack per 1 ton of feed.
Safeguard Wormer Dosages
HOW TO FIGURE SAFEGUARD DOSEAGE
Safeguard paste- 25gram paste 10% (100mg/1g) 22cc syringe.
1 syringe worms 1100lbat2.3mg/lb 1cc=50lbs
So 4.6mg/lb=550lbs 1cc=25lbs
6.9mg/lb=257lbs=12.5lbs/1cc
So for three times the dose here is some basic conversions
12lbs=1cc
15lbs=1.2cc
20lbs=1.6cc
25lbs=2cc
30lbs=2.4cc
35lbs=2.8cc
40lbs=3.2cc
45lbs=3.6cc
50lbs=4cc
60lbs=4.8cc
70lbs=5.6cc
75lbs=6cc
80lbs=6.4cc
90lbs=7.2cc
100lbs=8cc
125lbs=10cc
150lbs=12cc
175lbs=14cc
200lbs=16cc
250lbs=20cc

SMZ tablets--1 tablet per 20 lbs

Slippery elm--stops diarrhea and coats the stomach and intestines. 1 tsp mixed with yogurt or probios, molasses and electrolytes or propylene glycol water enough to this so it can be drenched. Given 5-6 times over the day until diarrhea stops. 

Spectrum scour halt- follow directions on label. Follow with probios. Dose: scours 2cc/10lbs; Ecoli 5 days 2cc per kid
Sulfaquinoxaline 20%--drench--2ml/50lbs by mouth times 5 day
Sulmet 12.5%- Five day treatment- you must treat the full five days. Day one: 1cc/5lbs for; Days 2-5:  1cc/10lbs given orally.

Synergized De-Lice - OTC. Permethrin is the active ingredient in this oily product which should be applied along the backbone from base of neck to base of tail. Follow the directions carefully, and do not use on kids under one month old. Max application is three ounces per animal, regardless of weight.
Tagamet- Used for gut related pain and problems. Helps sooth. Dose- 1/2 tablet of 200mg tablet. Give 1 a day for 3-5 days.

Tavist D--OTC - for colds and coughs Dose 3-5cc for newborns - 2wks in age; 4-6 tsps for adults.
Tetanus Antitoxin - Over-the-counter product for short-term protection against tetanus and tetanus-like infections. Comes in single-dose vials; use the entire vial IM for adults; cut it back proportionately for kids. No sooner than five days after this medication is last used, the producer will have to re-vaccinate with tetanus toxoid or CD/T (the complete two-injection series given 30 days apart) to reinstate long-term protection. Keeps best under refrigeration
Thiabendazote (TBZ)--1oz/100lbs ((3g/100lbs) Can be used during pregnancy
Thiamine--RX; treats listeria and polio;  Dose--500mg IM first dose, first day 250mg second dose , first day
For listeria--4.5cc/lb TID

To-Day (cephapirin sodium) - Over-the-counter product for mastitis treatment. Milk out the bad milk/pus/blood and infuse one tube of To-Day into each infected udder for a minimum of two consecutive days
Tylan 200 (tylosin) - Over-the-counter product for respiratory problems. Use 1 cc per 25 lbs. body weight for five consecutive days intramuscularly (IM). Keeps best in warm climates when refrigerated.
Valbazen - OTC de-wormer of the "white" wormer family. Causes abortion in pregnant does at certain points in the pregnancy (very high risk of abortion if used in first trimester of pregnancy). For safety, never use on pregnant does. Dosage is 1 cc per 25 lbs. bodyweight given orally.

Vitamin B complex--for debilitated animal, those with enteritis, those which will not eat. It helps to soothe the intestinal linings, and stimulates the appetite. OTC; Dose --5-6ccsq for adults
Vitamin C--to help acidify the urine; Dose 250mg qd
Vitamin E-- 300iu/kid IM; 700iu/doe IM; 50mg/kid/day orally
Vitamin B12 - RX. for anemia , stress, appetite stimulant;  Administer 1 cc per 100 lbs. body weight. Keeps best long-term if refrigerated.
Yogurt Plain - to help replace the normal flora in the rumen after rumen problems like bloat and after giving antibiotics. Dose--give about 1/4 cup 2-3 times a day for 3-5 days

 

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